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It is a surgical procedure in which a fibre optic telescope is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen and perform surgery.


  • Done under general anaesthesia in the operation theatre
  • Patient’s abdomen is painted with antiseptic and draped
  • Small incisions are made on the abdominal wall to insert 5mm or 10 mm trocars. Pneumoperitoneum is created by introducing CO2.

Diagnostic Laparoscopy in Infertility:

  • Used to visualize the uterus, ovaries and tubes and detect any problems in the same.
  • A dye called methylene blue is instilled into the uterus to confirm patency of tubes.

Minor Operative Procedures:

Ovarian cyst removal

Major Operative Procedures:

  • Myomectomy
  • LAVH
  • TLH
  • Luteal phase is the second half of the menstrual cycle starting after ovulation and ending either in pregnancy or start of next periods.
  • In most women it lasts 12 to 14 days.
  • Progesterone is the major hormone of the luteal phase which is essential for the maintenance of any on-going pregnancy.
  • Luteal phase defects can lead to recurrent pregnancy loss or infertility.(centre image)