Third-party Reproduction

OOCYTE DONATION

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This is the process in which a willing oocyte donor agrees to undergo ovarian stimulation and collection of her eggs by the process of IVF, and donates those eggs for use in a couple trying to have a baby. This may be necessary where the wife has no eggs or very poor ovarian reserve in conditions such as;

  • Primary ovarian insufficiency.
  • Repeat surgeries in endometriosis.
  • Removal of ovaries for some pathology.
  • Chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer which may have destroyed the oocytes.
  • Post menopausal women

FAQ

Under the latest ART act 2021, oocyte donors should be between the age of 23-35 years and can be supplied only by registered ART banks.
They should donate eggs only once in their lifetime.
Only a maximum of 7 eggs can be collected

The relevant details such as height, weight, colour of skin and eyes, educational qualification, profession and family history of any inheritable diseases should be recorded in an appropriate proforma.
They should be free of diseases like hypertension, diabetes as well as identifying common genetic diseases like thalassemia.
They should be free of sexually transmitted diseases like HIV, HbSAg, Syphilis, as well as Hepatitis C. Hence, tests for these are done.
Blood grouping and typing is documented.
Tests for ovarian reserve as well as ultrasound to image the uterus and ovaries may be performed.

SPERM DONATION

The use of donor sperm may be needed in men with very poor or nil sperm counts due to various reasons. It may be used in treatments such as IUI or IVF.


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FAQ

Any male in the age group of 21 to 55 years of age can donate his sperm in a registered ART bank. Sperms are allowed to be donated only once in a lifetime. And the sperms donated by one person can be used only in one couple under the latest ART bill.

The relevant details such as height, weight, the colour of skin and eyes, educational qualification, profession and family history of any inheritable diseases should be recorded in an appropriate proforma.
They should be free of diseases like hypertension, diabetes as well as identify common genetic diseases like thalassemia.
They should be free of sexually transmitted diseases like HIV, HbSAg, Syphilis as well as Hepatitis C. Hence tests for these are done.
Blood grouping and typing is also documented.
A semen analysis is performed preferably using a semen analyzer and the parameters should be normal as per the WHO standard for semen analysis.
Sperms from anonymous donors must remain quarantined for a period of six months after which the donor is screened once again for infectious diseases like HIV and HBSAG before using the sample.

EMBRYO DONATION

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This is a process where due to some problem in both the partners, in situations where neither the egg nor sperm of the couple can be used, there arises a necessity to use donor embryos.
According to the latest ART law, egg and sperm of a donor can be used only once in a lifetime.
Hence, if there is a necessity for donor embryos, we need to choose an egg donor, do an IVF cycle with her eggs, use donor sperm for fertilising the eggs and use the formed embryos in the commissioning couple.

FAQ

As per the latest law, a couple cannot choose to donate their excess embryos to another couple

A donor embryo IVF cycle will cost nearly the same as a donor egg cycle as it remains the same procedure of recruiting a donor, stimulating and retrieving eggs from her.i

NO Under the latest law,surrogacy can only be performed for altruistic reasons and not for money. Can a single woman opt for having her child through surrogacy? A single woman can opt for surrogacy only if She is a widow or divorcee between the age group of 35-45 years

No At present,surrogacy is allowed to be performed only for those couples who are Indian citizens

1.Essentiality certificate issued by the Appropriate authority (District medical board)after confirming the presence of a medical condition which necessitates opting for surrogacy
2.Order of Parentage and custody issued by the JFMC
3. Insurance cover for a period of 36 months to cover postpartum complications
4.Eligibility certificate for the intending couple
5.Eligibility certificate for the surrogate mother